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Piezo PVDF film with electrode:

1. Sputtered Cu/Ni (80nm)

2. Screen printed silver ink (5-8 um thick)

3. Thermal evaporated aluminum (100 nm)

4. Sputtered ITO electrodes (optically transparent)


For customer to build their prototype sensors, actuators, and speakers. Electrodes can be selectively removed following our instructions.

All PVDF film is uniaxially oriented with high d31 and almost no d32.